THE PATH OF LEAST RESISTANCE
By leveraging the Peltier effect, it is possible to produce extremely low temperatures, down to -60C, using only 12 volts of D.C. current, A solid state refrigeration system has no moving parts, which makes them ultra reliable. The units produce a rapid cooling effect the moment they are switched on, and the temperature inside the refrigeration units can be thermostatically controlled.
Water freezes spontaneously at -40°C. If rapid freezing is a requirement, then It is necessary to get as close to -40°C as possible. A Peltier cooler can achieve far lower temperatures, and sustain these temperatures, for a fraction of the energy that goes into making ice.
In Spain, a 2kg bag of ice costs €1.29. The annual cost for using three bags a day, is €1412.55. The cost cannot be recovered. In this example, an ice-free cooler costing €300, will take approximately three months to pay for itself, after which point the business is in profit, to the tune of €1412.55 per annum. Going ice-free makes environmental sense too, as there is no plastic packaging to dispose of.
The effectiveness of ice when used as a coolant, diminishes rapidly over time. When ice melts, so too does the energy that went into making it. A 12v solid state refrigeration system does not need ice, but it could produce high quality ice from distilled water if required.
SOLAR WATER DISTILLATION
A solar water distiller can turn contaminated water, into pure drinking water, using only the energy from the sun. The output from the distillation still can be collected locally, or it can be piped to another location. The distillation process is completely automatic and requires little maintenance.
A parabolic reflector can be used to heat the front face of the stainless steel column. The heat will transfer passively to the copper coil, but, if an opening is made in the metal, a fresnel lens can be fitted, and this will focus sunlight directly onto the copper tank and coil. This will ensure the unit is producing distilled water all day long.
A condensing plate made from stainless steel, will heat up quickly, but the thermo-electric cooler can maintain optimum temperature of the condensing plate so that it produces the most condensation. The sun powers both the heating and cooling when this system is in operation.
If you make a sandwich from two copper tanks, and place a Peltier cooler in between them, the water in one tank would get hot, and the water in the other tank would get cold, but, over time, because the tanks are not insulated from each other, the temperature would even out. The tanks must be kept apart from each other, or there will cease to be a differential.
If the tanks are separated by 25mm of polystyrene insulation, the water in the hot side would stay hot, and the water in the cold side would stay cold. To maintain the efficiency of the condenser, it is necessary to always be removing heat from the hot side.
The process of distillation works on the temperature differential of the distillation plate and the water vapour. If water from the hot tank were introduced into the reservoir, it would begin to condense and turn into distilled cold water. The cold water can be re-introduced into the hot tank to maintain optimum operating efficiency.
Distilled water has a pH of 7 which means it is soft water. A simple circulatory system will produce unlimited amounts of hot and cold distilled water, which can be used for any purpose
Adding salt to distilled water makes it highly conductive, The more salt that is added, the more ions will be present in the solution and the stronger the current flow will be.
Nuclear power stations use nuclear fission to generate high pressure steam. The steam is used to spin turbines which generate electrical current. The process is a lot more complicated than using the heat from the sun, but the end objective is exactly the same.
Nuclear fission maybe a more advanced method of generating steam, but it is still a steam engine. The Tesla turbine will run on compressed air, and it can also run on steam. If you live in a hot country, you can use focused energy from the sun to create high pressure steam, safely, and cost effectively.
A Tesla turbine running on only 150psi, can pull water straight out of the air. The condensed water can be used for irrigating land, or it can be filtered and used for drinking. An environmental spill from a Tesla turbine, is called an air leak! The atmospheric water generator can also be set up to run on solar power.
BASF have developed an exterior coating that consists of engineered micro beads. The beads reflect sunlight and dissipate heat in the mid-infrared spectral window. By tailoring the optical properties of the coating, a surface temperature differential of up to 10 °C (18 °F) below ambient temperatures can be achieved during daylight hours. The performance of the generator can be greatly improved by the use of this type of heat reflective coating.
Many regions around the world are suffering from terrible water shortages because people are pulling water from the ground, instead of pulling water out of the air.
How much water is in the air we are breathing? I can best answer that by saying that there are commercial atmospheric generators on the market that are capable of producing up to 10,000ltrs of water a day. This is way more water than the average family could use in a year, but a fruit grower can use this much water in a single week.
Avocados are one of the most water intensive fruits to grow. Each avocado takes approximately 70 litres of water to reach maturity, this is more than 12 times as much as it takes to grow a tomato. When you see an avocado plantation on a hillside in Spain you can guarantee that the grower is pumping water up to a deposit. Does it really make sense to pour energy into sucking water out of the ground and then pump it uphill, when it could be generated at the top of the hill, and flow downwards, at absolutely no cost to anyone?
The solution to water shortages is to encourage fruit growers to build their own atmospheric water generators. Encouraging air to let go of all the water it is carrying, is not difficult, it is simply a matter of providing the right environmental conditions.
One solar panel can power the whole system.
Purity is standards based, not judgement based. The moment any minerals become dissolved in water, the water ceases to be pure water. Consumers have no way of knowing the quality of dissolved minerals in the water they are drinking.
In it purest form, water has absolutely no mineral content whatsoever. If you want pure water, you must first remove all contaminates. Distillation removes the need to test for contaminants because it removes them all.
The water found in fruit and vegetables is structured water. Plants absorb H20 from the soil and convert it into H302. This is the type of water that the cells in the body actually need, and the only type of water that they can actually utilise.
Water from fruits and vegetables contains all the minerals you will ever need, in their purest, and most available form.
Effective strategies for removing
specific contaminants from water.
At room temperature, chlorine gas weighs less than air and will naturally
evaporate off without boiling. Boiling water for 15 minutes will speed up
the chlorine removal process.
Distillation, Reverse Osmosis, or activated Alumina.
Distillation, reverse osmosis, or by using ion exchange resins
Distillation, ion exchange, reverse osmosis, and activated carbon filtration.
Ozone can also destroy pesticides, and toxic organic compounds in the water
without leaving any toxic residues.
Plants use solar energy to convert H20 into H302 and while our bodies can also convert water into H302, it takes energy to convert anything. Why expend energy converting water into H302 when the plants have already done it?
How much salt does it take to make the ocean salty? The amount of dissolved salt in the ocean accounts for approximately 3.5% of the weight of water. Geological surveys estimate that the ocean contains approximately 352 quintillion gallons of water. A quintillion, is a billion billions, that’s an incredible volume of salt.
The atmosphere is an invisible ‘ocean’ that is deeper than the ocean itself. Water can be considered to have many states of ‘being’. Water can exist as a liquid, a solid, a form of liquid plasma, and also as an invisible vapour.
When water evaporates from the ocean, the salt mineral stays exactly where it is. Rain is always freshwater, because the salt is too heavy to make it into the clouds. Distillation works to remove all contaminants because every contaminant dissolved within water, is heavier than water, so they all get left behind.
When water is taken out of the air, it is instantly replenished. When water is taken out of the ground, it can take many decades for rain to filter down through sedimentary layers. If we are only taking water out of the ground, the rivers will run dry, because we are extracting water at a faster rate than the natural process can keep pace with.
The process of evaporation is unceasing. For as long as the sun continues to shine, the atmosphere will always be an ‘ocean’ full of water. When air is encouraged to release the water it is carrying, it rains. An atmospheric water generator creates the perfect conditions to encourage water to fall out of the air.
Everything natural, exists in a natural ‘state’.
Take water for example. When water is at rest, the surface will be perfectly flat, like the face of a mirror. If water flows, it will always follow the path of least resistance.
Water can be made to flow in a specific direction, but, every time we try and change the natural state of anything, we must divert energy to the cause.
Un-natural things do not last because they rely on external processes to sustain themselves. What is dead cannot hope to sustain what is living.
The Earth purifies salt water naturally through porous rock, and by distillation. Water should be the last thing that people buy, and yet in the year 2022, water sold in plastic bottles is a $283 billion a year industry.
It is possible to melt rock using a Fresnel lens and natural sunlight. Given that water boils at much lower temperatures than rock, why do we have water shortages when the whole Earth is covered in water?
Atmospheric water generators are a game changer, because they will do more than an air-conditioning unit does, and they will do it for a fraction of the energy expenditure.